Monday, 19 December 2011

The Ba Bể National Park and its fauna.

To introduce the rich diversity, as well as contribute to advocacy to raise awareness of people to maintain, preserve the biodiversity development in this place, on May 15th, 2011, the Vietnam’s Ministry of Information and Communications issued the stamp series "Animals in Ba Bể national park" consisting of 4 values and 1 block with their denominations of 2,000 đ; 3,500 đ; 6,000 đ; 8,500 đ and 14,500 đ. There are two kind of the official first day cover has issued  depicts Acanthosaura lepidogaster and Catopuma temminckii respectively. The cover has a special postmarked.


Ba Bể national park is located on the territory of Bắc Kạn province, Northeast Vietnam with 7.610 hectares, include the central is Ba Bể Lake of 500 hectares wide. In 1995, Ba Bể Lake was recognized as one of the world’s 20 special freshwater lakes. It is located about 240 kilometers northwest of the capital city Hanoi. In 2004, the Ba Bể national park was recognized as the ASEAN Natural Heritage.


The vegetation in Ba Bể National Park mainly consists of limestone and evergreen forest.There are 65 mammal species  recorded in the park, among them: Chinese Pangolin (Manis pentadactyla), Slow Loris (Nycticebus coucang), Rhesus Macaque, Stump-tailed Macaque, Francois' Langur, Asiatic Black Bear, European Otter, Owston's Palm Civet, Asian Golden Cat, Mainland Serow, Red Giant Flying Squirrel, Particolored Flying Squirrel (Hylopetes alboniger), Hairy-footed Flying Squirrel as well as 27 bat species.
Furthermore, 233 bird species, 43 reptile and amphibian species among them the King Cobra and the Vietnamese Salamander (Paramesotriton deloustali), have been recorded.
In Ba Be lake, 106 fish species from 61 genera, 17 families, and 5 orders have been recorded. The park is also noteworthy for its diversity in butterflies for which 354 species have been recorded.

4-1: Hoẵng (Muntiacus muntjac)
The Common Muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak), or Barking deer is the most numerous muntjac deer species. It has soft, short, brownish or greyish hair, sometimes with creamy markings. This species is omnivorous, feeding on fruits, shoots, seeds, birds' eggs as well as small animals and even carrion. It gives calls similar to barking, usually on sensing a predator. The Common  Muntjac is among the most widespread but least known of all the animals in South Asia.
The male has small antlers which attain 15 cm in length and have only 1 branch. Males are extremely territorial and can be fierce for their size. They will fight each other for territory using their antlers or their (more dangerous) tusk-like upper canine teeth, and can defend themselves against predators such as dogs.

4-2: Vạc hoa (Gorsachius magnificus)
The White-eared Night Heron (Gorsachius magnificus) is a species of heron in the Ardeidae family. It is found in China and Vietnam. Their natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and rivers. Gorsachius magnificus is threatened by habitat loss.
4-3: Ô rô vảy (Acanthosaura lepidogaster)
Acanthosaura is a genus of lizards commonly known as mountain horned dragons, or pricklenape agamas. They are so named because of a row of dorsal spines which run down the back of their neck. They are arboreal lizards that are found in Southeast Asia. They are medium-sized, ranging from about 7½ inches up to 15 inches in length, depending on species and individual. They tend to prefer higher elevation areas that are dense with vegetation.Mountain horned dragons are popular pets, and readily available in the exotic pet trade.

4-4: Rùa sa nhân (Pyxidea mouhotii)
Pyxidea mouhotii or The Keeled box turtle  or Cuora mouhotii) is a species of the turtle family Geoemydidae found in China (Hainan & southwestern Guangxi and possibly southern Yunnan), northern and Central Vietnam, Laos, northern Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar and Assam in India.
This turtle is characterized by a yellowish brown- to dark brown- or even black-coloured carapace, with a distinctive keel running lengthwise down the center of it, and a yellowish, orange, red, brown or black head and limbs.Pyxidea mouhotii preferring only moderately moist habitats with plenty of vegetation and ground litter for cover. Pyxidea mouhotii grows to approximately 7 inches in length and are mainly carnivorous, some accepting fruits in captivity.
Pyxidea mouhotii is considered as an endangered species by the IUCN and in its native range hunted for use in folk medicine
 Báo lửa (Catopuma temminckii)
Catopuma temminckii  or The Asian Golden Cat ,  is a medium-sized wild cat of Southeastern Asia. The Asian golden cat is heavily built, with a typical cat-like appearance. It has a  head-body average  length of 85 cm with a tail of 50cm long average , and shoulder size of  56 cm  . The weight ranges from 9 to 16 kg which is about two or three times the size of a domesticated cat. They live throughout Southeast Asia,They prefer forest habitats interspersed with rocky areas, and are found in dry deciduous, subtropical evergreen and tropical rainforests.
In 2008, the IUCN classified Asian Golden cats as Near Threatened, stating that the species comes close to qualifying as Vulnerable due to hunting pressure and habitat loss, since Southeast Asian forests are undergoing the world's fastest regional deforestation rate.
Resources: Wikipedia and Information of Vietnam Post.

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