Wednesday, 29 February 2012

Yavoriv National Natural Park - Ukraine

Ukrainian Post   issued  the  stamp set  features  the Yavoriv  National Nature Park  in one miniature sheet on March 3, 2003. The issue consist of three stamps depicted the flora fauna species which are found in there, such as : Common Kingfisher, the Emperor moth and Lady’s slipper orchid.

Yavoriv National Natural Park

Yavoriv National Nature Park was founded in 1999 for not only preservation but for restorage and rational usage of natural landscapes of Roztochya as well. During the short period of time scientific, eco-educational work is organized here, ecological passes are created, local people are involved in nature protection activities.

Emperor moth  or Eudia pavonia L.

The male has a wingspan of about 60 mm with brown and white forewings marked with red and orange fascia and a bold black and orange eye-spot. The hind-wings are orange with a similar eye-spot. The female is larger (wingspan about 80 mm) but less brightly colored than the male, being generally grey and white but has all wings marked with eye-spots similar to the male.  The species inhabits a range of habitats but is most often associated with heathland and moorland.

Halcyon or alcedo atthis L.
The Common Kingfisher, Alcedo atthis, is a small kingfisher with seven subspecies recognized within its wide distribution across Eurasia and North Africa.

Common Kingfishers are important members of ecosystems and good indicators of freshwater community health. The highest densities of breeding birds are found in habitats with clear water.These habitats have also the highest quality of water, so the presence of this bird confirms the standard of the water.

Alcedo atthis feeds mainly on fish, caught by diving, and has special visual adaptions to enable it to see prey under water. This species has the typical short-tailed, dumpy-bodied large-headed and long-billed kingfisher shape.  The legs and feet are bright red. It is about 16 centimeters  long with a wingspan of 25 cm  and weighs 40 grams .The glossy white eggs are laid in a nest at the end of a burrow in a riverbank.

Lady’s Slipper or Cypripedium calceolus is a lady's-slipper orchid species of the genus Cypripedium. As a widespread plant worldwide,  found from Europe east through Asia to the Pacific Ocean. It is found in open woodland on moist calcareous soils. In continental Europe,

Lady's Slipper  is growing in the decomposed humus of semi-shaded woodland cover on limestone. It has declined over much in  the European’s  range, and now  legally protected in a number of countries.

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